Year 4 (Feb 2021 - Present)

 Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications (iHESP included in affiliation)

Diao, X., A. Stössel, P. Chang, G. Dana Basoglu, S.G. Yeager, A. Gopal, H. Wang, S. Zhang, 2021: On the intermittent occurrence of open ocean polynyas in a multi-century high-resolution preindustrial Earth System Model simulation.  J. Geophys. Res.- Oceans, in revision.

Zhang, Q., P Chang, S. G. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, and S. Zhang, 2021: A Coupled Modeling Strategy to Simulate Historical Decadal Variations of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., submitted.

Yuan, M., Z. Song, Z. Li, Z. Jing, P. Chang, B. Sun, H. Wang and L. Wu, 2021: An Improved Parameterization of Wind-driven Turbulent Vertical Mixing Based on an Eddy-resolving Climate Model, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, submitted.

Xu, J., P. Chang, G.-X. Li, Z. Xu, H. Yang, L. QIAO, C.-Y. Hsu, 2021: Observed near-inertial wave activity on the continental shelf of the East China Sea before and after Typhoon Danas, J. Geophys. Res.- Ocean, in revision.

Wang, S., Z. Jing, L. Wu, W. Cai, P. Chang, H. Wang, T. Geng, G. Danabasoglu, Z. Chen, Dr X. Ma, B. Gan, H. Yang, 2021: El Niño/Southern Oscillation Curtailed by Ocean Submesoscale Eddies, Nat. Geos., in revision.

Szunyogh, I., E. Forinash, G. Gyarmati,Y. Jia, P. Chang, and R. Saravanan, 2021: Evaluation of a Coupled Modeling Approach for the Investigation of the Effects of SST Mesoscale Variability on the  atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., accepted. doi:/10.1002/essoar.10504810.1

Yang, P., Z. Jing, B. Sun, L. Wu, B. Qiu, P. Chang, S. Ramachandran, C. Yuan, 2021: On the Upper-Ocean Vertical Eddy Heat Transport in the Kuroshio Extension. Part II: Effects of Air-Sea Interactions, J. Phys. Oceanogr., in press. doi:/10.1175/JPO-D-21-0013.1

Yeager, S. G., F. Castruccio, P. Chang, G. Danabasoglu, E. Maroon, J. Small, H. Wang, L. Wu, S. Zhang, 2021: An Outsized Role for the Labrador Sea in the Multidecadal Variability of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation, Sci. Adv., in press.  doi:/10.1126/sciadv.abh3592

Fu, D., Chang, P., Patricola, C.M. et al. Central American mountains inhibit eastern North Pacific seasonal tropical cyclone activity. Nat Commun 12, 4422 (2021).

Fu, Dan, Justin Small, Jaison Kurian, Yun Liu, Brian Kauffman, Abishek Gopal, Sanjiv Ramachandran et al. "Introducing the new Regional Community Earth System Model, R-CESM." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (2021): 1-53.

Li, Dapeng, Ping Chang, Sanjiv Ramachandran, Zhao Jing, Qiuying Zhang, Jaison Kurian, Abishek Gopal, and Haiyuan Yang. "Contribution of the two types of Ekman pumping induced eddy heat flux to the total vertical eddy heat flux." Geophysical Research Letters (2021): e2021GL092982.

Danabasoglu, Gokhan, Frederic S. Castruccio, R. Justin Small, Robert Tomas, Eleanor Frajka‐Williams, and Matthias Lankhorst. "Revisiting AMOC transport estimates from observations and models." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 10 (2021): e2021GL093045.

Liu, Xue, Xiaohui Ma, Ping Chang, Yinglai Jia, Dan Fu, Guangzhi Xu, Lixin Wu, R. Saravanan, and Christina M. Patricola. "Ocean fronts and eddies force atmospheric rivers and heavy precipitation in western North America." Nature communications 12, no. 1 (2021): 1-10.

Year 3 (Feb 2020 - Jan 2021)

 Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications (iHESP included in affiliation)

Chang, P., S. Zhang, G. Danabasoglu, S. G. Yeager, H. Fu, H. Wang, F. S. Castruccio, Y. Chen, J. Edwards, D. Fu, Y. Jia, L. C. Laurindo, X. Liu, N. Rosenbloom, R. J. Small, G. Xu, Y. Zeng, Q. Zhang, J. Bacmeister, D. A. Bailey, X. Duan, A. K. DuVivier, D. Li, Y. Li, R. Neale, A. St ̇.ossel, L. Wang, Y. Zhuang, A. Baker, S. Bates, J. Dennis, X. Diao, B. Gan, A. Gopal, D. Jia, Z. Jing, X. Ma, R. Saravanan, W. G. Strand, J. Tao, H. Yang, X. Wang, X. Wei, and L. Wu, 2020: An Unprecedented Set of High-Resolution Earth System Simulations for Understanding Multiscale Interactions in Cli- mate Variability and Change, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2020MS002298. doi:10.1029/2020MS002298.

Roberts, Malcolm J., Laura C Jackson, Christopher D Roberts, Virna Meccia, David Docquier, Torben Koenigk, Pablo Ortega, Eduardo Moreno‐Chamarro, Alessio Bellucci, Andrew Coward, Sybren Drijfhout, Eleftheria Exarchou, Oliver Gutjahr, Helene Hewitt, Doroteaciro Iovino, Katja Lohmann, Dian Putrasahan, Reinhard Schiemann, Jon Seddon, Laurent Terray, Xiaobiao Xu, Qiuying Zhang, Ping Chang, Stephen G Yeager, Frederic S Castruccio, Shaoqing Zhang, Lixin Wu, 2020: Sensitivity of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation to model resolution in CMIP6 HighResMIP simulations and implications for future changes. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2019MS002014.

Roberts, M.J., Camp, J., Seddon, J., Vidale, P.L., Hodges, K., Vannière, B., Mecking, J., Haarsma, R., Bellucci, A., Scoccimarro, E., Caron, L.‐P., Chauvin, F., Terray, L., Valcke, S., Moine, M.‐P., Putrasahan, D., Roberts, C.D., Senan, R., Zarzycki, C., Ullrich, P., Yamada, Y., Mizuta, R., Kodama, C., Fu, D., Zhang, Q., Danabasoglu, G., Rosenbloom, N., Wang, H. and Wu, L. (2020), Projected Future Changes in Tropical Cyclones Using the CMIP6 HighResMIP Multimodel Ensemble. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47: e2020GL088662.

Zhang, S., Fu, H., Wu, L., Li, Y., Wang, H., Zeng, Y., Duan, X., Wan, W., Wang, L., Zhuang, Y., Meng, H., Xu, K., Xu, P., Gan, L., Liu, Z., Wu, S., Cheng, Y., Yu, H., Shi, S., Wang, L., Xu, S., Xue, W., Liu, W., Guo, Q., Zhang, J., Zhu, G., Tu, Y., Edwards, J., Baker, A., Yong, J., Yuan, M., Yu, Y., Zhang, Q., Liu, Z., Li, M., Jia, D., Yang, G., Wei, Z., Pan, J., Chang, P., Danabasoglu, G., Yeager, S., Rosenbloom, N., and Guo, Y.: Optimizing High-Resolution Community Earth System Model on a Heterogeneous Many-Core Supercomputing Platform (CESM-HR_sw1.0), Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 4809–4829, 2020.

Xu, G.; Ma, X.; Chang, P.; Wang, L., 2020: A Comparison of Northern Hemisphere Atmospheric Rivers Detected by a New Image-Processing Based Method and Magnitude-Thresholding Based Methods. Atmosphere, 11(6), 628.

Jing, Zhao, Shengpeng Wang, Lixin Wu, Ping Chang, Qiuying Zhang, Bingrong Sun, Xiaohui Ma, Bo Qiu, Justing Small, Fei-Fei Jin, Zhaohui Chen, Bolan Gan, Yun Yang, Haiyuan Yang, Xiuquan Wan, 2020: Maintenance of mid-latitude oceanic fronts by mesoscale eddies, Science Advances, 31 Jul 2020: Vol. 6, no. 31, eaba7880, DOI:10.1126/sciadv.aba7880.

Li, Mingkui, Haoqing Zhang, Lixin Wu, Xiaopei Lin, Ping Chang, Gohkan Danabasoglu, Zhiqiang Wei, Xiaolin Yu, Huiqin Hu, Xiaohui Ma, Weiwei Ma, Dongning Jia, Xin Liu, Haoran Zhao, Kai Mao, Youwei Ma, Yingjing Jiang, Xue Wang, Guangliang Liu, Yuhu Chen, 2020: A high-resolution Asia-Pacific regional coupled prediction system with dynamically downscaling coupled data assimilation. Science Bulletin, 65, 1849- 1858.

Shan, X., Z. Jing, B. Sun, P. Chang, L. Wu, and X. Ma, 2020: Influence of the Ocean Mesoscale Eddy–Atmosphere Thermal Feedback on the Upper-Ocean Haline Stratification. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 50, 2475–2490,

Li, Mingkui, Shaoqing Zhang, Lixin Wu, Xiaopei Lin, Ping Chang, Gohkan Danabasoglu, Zhiqiang Wei, Xiaolin Yu, Huiqin Hu, Xiaohui Ma, Weiwei Ma, Haoran Zhao, Dongning Jia, Xin Liu, Kai Mao, Youwei Ma, Yingjing Jiang, Xue Wang, Guangliang Liu, Yuhu Chen, 2020: An Examination of the Predictability of Tropical Cyclone Genesis in High-Resolution Coupled Models with Dynamically Downscaled Coupled Data Assimilation Initialization. Adv. Atmos. Sci. 37, 939–950.

Lv Lu, Shaoqing Zhang, Stephen G Yeager, Gokhan Danabasoglu, Ping Chang, Lixin Wu, Xiaopei Lin, Anthony Rosati, Feiyu Lu, 2020: Impact of Coherent Ocean Stratification on AMOC Reconstruction by Coupled Data Assimilation with a Biased Model. J. Climate, 33, 7319–7334.

Yang P., Z. Jing, B. Sun, L. Wu, B. Qiu, P. Chang, S. Ramachandran, 2020: On the Upper-Ocean Vertical Eddy Heat Transport in the Kuroshio Extension. Part I: Variability and Dynamics, J. Phys. Oceanogr.

Xu, G., Ma, X., Chang, P., 2020: IPART: A Python Package for Image-Processing based Atmospheric River Tracking. Journal of Open Source Software, 5, 4 2407.

Xu, G., Ma, X., Chang, P., and Wang, L., 2020: Image Processing Based Atmospheric River Tracking Method Version 1 (IPART-1), Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 4639–4662. 4639-2020

Hewitt, H.T., Roberts, M., Mathiot, P. et al. Resolving and Parameterising the Ocean Mesoscale in Earth System Models. Curr. Clim. Change. Rep., 6, 137–152 (2020).

Yang H., L. Wu, P. Chang, B. Qiu, Z. Jing, Q. Zhang, Z. Chen, 2020: Mesoscale energy balance and air-sea interaction in the Kuroshio Extension low-frequency versus high-frequency variability, J. Phys. Oceanogr., DOI:

Kurian, J., P. Li, P. Chang, C. M. Patricola and R. J. Small, 2020: Impact of the Benguela Coastal Low-Level Jet on the Southeast Tropical Atlantic SST Bias in a Regional Ocean Model, Clim Dyn (2021).

Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications (iHESP related but not included in affiliation)

Castruccio, F. S., Karspeck, A. R., Danabasoglu, G., Hendricks, J., Hoar, T., Collins, N., & Anderson, J. L., 2020: An EnOI‐based data assimilation system with DART for a high‐resolution version of the CESM2 ocean component. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2020MS002176.

Chassignet, E., S. G. Yeager, B. Fox-Kemper, A. Bozec, F. Castruccio, G. Danabasoglu, C. Horvat, W. M. Kim, N. Koldunov, Y. Li, P. Lin, H. Liu, D. V. Sein, D. Sidorenko, Q. Wang, and X. Xu, 2020: Impact of horizontal resolution on global ocean-sea-ice model simulations based on the experimental protocols of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project phase 2 (OMIP-2), Geosci. Mod. Dev., 13, 4595-4637.

Yeager, S. G., 2020: The abyssal origins of North Atlantic decadal predictability, Clim. Dyn., 55, 2253–2271., R. J., A. K. duVivier, D. B. Whitt, M. C. Long, I. Grooms and W. G. Large, 2020: On the control of the SubAntarctic stratification by the ocean circulation, Clim. Dyn., in press.

Richter, I., P. Chang and X Liu, 2020: Using linear inverse modeling to estimate the impact of GCM variability errors on prediction skill in the tropical Atlantic and Pacific, J. Climate, 33, 10073–10095.

Submitted Peer Reviewed Journal Publication (iHESP included in affiliation)

Fu, D., R.J. Small, J. Kurian, et al., 2020: Introducing the new Regional Community Earth System Model, R-CESM, Bull. Am. Met. Soc., submitted.

Liu, X., X. Ma, P. Chang, Y. Jia, D. Fu, G. Xu, L. Wu, R. Saravanan and C. M. Patricola, 2020: Ocean Fronts and Eddies Remotely Forcing Atmospheric Rivers and Heavy Precipitation, Nat. Comm., reviewed minor revision.

Fu, D., P. Chang, C. M. Patricola, R. Saravanan and H. E. Beck, 2020: Central American mountains inhibit eastern North Pacific tropical cyclone activity, Nature Communication, in revision.

Liu X., P. Chang, J. Kurian, X. Ma, R. J. Small and A. H. Baker, X. Lin, 2020: Sea Surface Temperature Feedback on Ocean Eddy Wind Power, Nat. Comm., in revision.

Submitted Peer-Reviewed Journal Publication (iHESP related but not included in affiliation)

Yeager, S., P. Chang, G. Danabasoglu, J. Edwards, N. Rosenbloom, Q. Zhang, D. Fu, X. Liu, C. Fred, 2020: Bringing the Future into Focus: Benefits and Challenges of High-Resolution Global Climate Change Simulations, Computing in Science and Engineering, submitted


Year 2 (Feb 2019 - Jan 2020)

Fu, D., P. Chang, C.M. Patricola and R. Saravanan, 2019: High Resolution Tropical Channel Model Simulations of Tropical Cyclone Climatology and Intraseasonal-to-Interannual Variability, J. Climate,32,

 Jia, Y., P. Chang, I. Szunyogh and R. Saravanan, 2019: A Modeling Strategy for the Investigation of the Effect of Ocean Mesoscale Feedback to the Atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett.  DOI: .1029/2019GL081960, 

Jing, Z., P. Chang, X. Shan, S. Wang, L. Wu and J. Kurian, 2019: Mesoscale SST Dynamics in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Extension Region, J. Phys. Oceanogr., accepted. DOI: 10.1175/JPO-D-18-0159.1, 

Saravanan, R. and P. Chang, 2019: Midlatitude Mesoscale Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction and Its Relevance to S2S Prediction,

Wang, S., Z. Jing, Q. Zhang, P. Chang, Z. Chen, H. Liu and L. Wu, 2019: Ocean Eddy Energetics in the Spectral Space as Revealed by High-Resolution General Circulation Models, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 49, 2815-2827,

Xu, G., P. Chang, X. Ma, and M. Li, 2019: Meso-scale ocean eddies and the warm current suppress winter heavy precipitation in Southeastern China, Clim. Dyn., 35, 2437, 

Yang, H., P. Chang, B. Qiu, Q. Zhang and L.Wu, 2019: Mesoscale air-sea interaction and its role in eddy energy dissipation in the Kuroshio Extension, J. Climate, 32, 8659-8676, 19-0155.1.


Year 1 (Feb 2018 - Jan 2019):

Yu, X. and S. Zhang et al., 2018: A Multi-TimescaleEnOI-like High-Efficiency Approximate Filter for Coupled Model Data Assimilation, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., DOI:10.1029/2018MS001504.

Yang, H., B. Qiu, P. Chang, L. Wu, S. Wang, Z. Chen, 2018: Decadal variability of eddy characteristics and energetics in the Kuroshio Extension, J. Geophys. Res. - Ocean, 123, 6653-6669.

Liu, X., P. Chang, J. Kurian and R. Saravanan, 2018: Satellite Observed Precipitation Response to Ocean Mesoscale Eddies, J. Climate,

Kim, W. M., S. Yeager P. Chang and G. Danabasoglu, 2018: Low-Frequency North Atlantic Climate Variability in the Community Earth System Model Large Ensemble, J. Climate, 31 , 787813,

Hsu, W.-C., C. Patricola and P. Chang, 2018: The Impact of Climate Model Sea Surface Temperature Biases on Tropical Cyclone Simulations, Clim. Dyn.,